The Rust project has a policy that every pull request must be tested after merge before it can be pushed to master. As PR volume increases this can scale poorly, especially given the long (~3.5hr) current CI duration for Rust.
Enter rollups! Changes that are small, not performance sensitive, or not platform
dependent are marked with the
rollup command to bors (
@bors r+ rollup to
approve a PR and mark as a rollup,
@bors rollup to mark a previously approved
@bors rollup- to un-mark as a rollup). 'Performing a Rollup' then means
collecting these changes into one PR and merging them all at once. The rollup
command accepts four values
never. See the
Rollups section of the review policies for guidance on what these different
You can see the list of rollup PRs on Rust's Homu queue, they are listed at the bottom of the 'approved' queue with a priority of 'rollup' meaning they will not be merged by themselves until everything in front of them in the queue has been merged.
Using the interface on Homu queue, select a few pull requests and then use "rollup" button to make one. (The text about fairness can be ignored.)
Run the following command in the pull request thread:
@bors r+ rollup=never p=<NUMBER_OF_PRS_IN_ROLLUP>
If the rollup fails, use the logs rust-highfive (really it is rust-log-analyzer) provides to bisect the failure to a specific PR and do
@bors r-. If the PR is running, you need to do
@bors r- retry. Otherwise, your rollup succeeded. If it did, proceed to the next rollup (every now and then let
rollup=neverand toolstate PRs progress).
Recreate the rollup without the offending PR starting again from 1.
This is something you will learn to improve over time. Some basic tips include (from obvious to less):
rollup=neverPRs (these are red in the interface).
- Include all PRs marked with
rollup=always(these are green). Try to check if some of the pull requests in this list shouldn't be rolled up — in the interest of time you can do so sometimes after you've made the rollup PR.
- Avoid pull requests that touch the CI configuration or bootstrap.
(Unless the CI PRs have been marked as
rollup. -- see 2.)
- Avoid having too many large diff pull requests in the same rollup.
- Avoid having too many submodule updates in the same rollup (especially LLVM). (Updating LLVM frequently forces most devs to rebuild LLVM which is not fun.)
- Do not include toolstate PRs like those fixing Miri, Clippy, etc.
- Do include docs PRs (they should hopefully be marked as green).
If the rollup has failed, run the
@bors retry command if the
failure was spurious (e.g. due to a network problem or a timeout). If it wasn't spurious,
find the offending PR and throw it out by copying a link to the rust-highfive comment,
Failed in <link_to_comment>, @bors r-. Hopefully,
the author or reviewer will give feedback to get the PR fixed or confirm that it's not
Once you've removed the offending PR, re-create your rollup without it (see 1.).
Sometimes however, it is hard to find the offending PR. If so, use your intuition
to avoid the PRs that you suspect are the problem and recreate the rollup.
Another strategy is to raise the priority of the PRs you suspect,
mark them as
rollup=never and let bors test them standalone to dismiss
or confirm your hypothesis.
If a rollup continues to fail you can run the
@bors rollup=never command to
never rollup the PR in question.